• Deafness (Hearing Loss) Causes

Congenital Causes of Deafness (Hearing Loss) Acquired Causes of Deafness (Hearing Loss)
  • Infections during pregnancy: Maternal rubella, syphilis, etc.
  • Low birth weight
  • Birth asphyxia: Lack of oxygen at time of birth
  • Ototoxic drugs: Inappropriate use of "ear-unfriendly" drugs during pregnancy, like aminoglycosides, cytotoxic drugs, antimalarials, diuretics, etc.
  • Neonatal jaundice: Severe jaundice in baby right after birth
  • Hearing loss is present at or acquired soon after birth.
  • Illness: Meningitis, measles, mumps, otitis media, etc.
  • Conventional Medications: Antibiotics like gentamicin, erythromycin, etc. and antimalarial medicines
  • Trauma: Head injury, perforation of the eardrum, fractured skull
  • Noise: Excessive noise, including working with noisy machinery, and exposure to loud music, gunfire or explosions
  • Age-related hearing loss (presbycusis)
  • Wax or foreign bodies blocking the ear canal
  • Hearing loss can occur at any age.
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