• Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) Diagnosis and Tests

Diagnosis and Tests

Urinary tract infection (UTI) cannot be solely diagnosed on the basis of medical history. Certain simple investigations are required to confirm a diagnosis:

  • Routine examination of urine: Analyzing a urine sample in a laboratory helps to detect the presence of bacteria, red blood cells and pus in urine.
  • Urine culture: If there is persistent pain with high fever, microbial culture of urine and a sensitivity test are done to identify the pathogens.
  • Ultrasonography of Abdomen: A sonography helps to rule out any kidney stones or enlarged prostate.
  • Intravenous pyelogram (IVP): In some cases, if the infection does not get cleared by medication, an IVP needs to be performed to determine if any structural abnormalities are present.
  • Cystoscope: It is used to visualize the internal structure of bladder for any abnormalities.
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