- Adenomyosis is a condition where the endometrial tissue is present and grows within the muscular wall of the uterus.
- The symptoms are heavy menstrual bleeding and abdominal pain etc. Sometimes there may be no symptoms.
- It is differentiated from fibroids only by biopsy and histopathological examination.
- Endometrial polyps are growths formed in the inner wall of the uterus.
- They are formed due to the overgrowth of cells of the inner lining of uterus.
- Symptoms are irregular menstrual bleeding, spotting between periods.
- USG and hysteroscopy help to differentiate between fibroids and polyps.
- Endometrial Hyperplasia is the abnormal thickening of the inner lining of the uterus. This happens due to abnormally large number of endometrial glands.
- Endometrial hyperplasia usually occurs in girls who are about to start getting periods or in women approaching menopause.
- Symptoms are heavy, abnormal uterine bleeding or absence of menses etc. Diagnosis is done through PAP smear, hysteroscopy and USG.
- Endometrial carcinoma is the cancer of the lining of the uterus.
- The condition is more common in women who are post-menopausal. When vaginal bleeding occurs after menopause, carcinoma is suspected.
- A biopsy helps to diagnose endometrial cancer.
- Uterine Sarcoma is a cancerous tumour arising from the connective tissue of the uterus.
- Symptoms are abnormal and heavy bleeding and abdominal pain.
- The growth of this tumour is very rapid and can be seen in repeated MRIs.