In Ulcerative Colitis, symptoms may vary according to severity of inflammation and the part of colon involved.
Commonly found symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis are -
- Diarrhea- When disease extends beyond the rectum, blood mixed stool or grossly bloody diarrhea is noted. Diarrhea is often in night and/or after meals which makes the sufferer rush to the bathroom.
- Bleeding from rectum- person usually passes fresh blood or blood-stained mucus, either mixed with stool or streaked onto the surface of a normal or hard stool.
- Abdominal Pain- severe pain is not prominently felt unless person has severe disease. Person may experience vague lower abdominal discomfort or mild central abdominal cramping.
- Passage of mucus
- Pain and spasm in rectum
Other symptoms -
- Urgency to have bowel movement with feeling of incomplete evacuation
- Weight loss
- Loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting
Ulcerative colitis also has various extra-colonic manifestations mainly in skin, eyes and joints —
- Skin —Erythema Nodosum, pyoderma gangrenosum, Psoriasis
- Eyes —Conjunctivitis, episcleritis, Uveitis
- Joints —Ankylosing spondylitis, spondyloarthropathies