The causes of Schizophrenia are not known. Certain factors, however, are likely to contribute to causing it.
- GENES: If there is no family history of Schizophrenia, the chances of getting it are 1%. But in case of a family history, the chances can go up to 10%.
- ENVIRONMENT: Many suspect that prenatal (while in the womb) or perinatal (5 months before and 1 month after birth) trauma or any infections may be related, however, no proof has been found yet. Stress is also often seen to precede the onset of Schizophrenia.
- FAMILY RELATIONSHIP: Although it is true that nobody, not even family members can be held responsible for developing Schizophrenia, yet some believe that it could be due to family tension or strained relationships. This is one of the main causes of Schizophrenia.
- CHEMICAL IMBALANCE IN THE BRAIN: Some experts believe that there may be an imbalance in the neurotransmitter called dopamine. Neurotransmitters are substances that allow the brain cells to communicate with each other.