• Pica Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Terms
  • Anaemia: A reduction in the red blood cells, haemoglobin or volume of blood leading to reduction in the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood.
  • Heavy metal poisoning: Accumulation of heavy metals such as lead, mercury, arsenic, etc. in toxic amounts in the body.
  • Convulsion: A medical condition where body muscles contract and relax rapidly and repeatedly resulting in uncontrolled shaking of body.
  • Parasite: The organism which grows, feeds and is sheltered on another organism while contributing nothing to the survival of its host.
  • Toxocariasis: A parasitic disease caused by roundworms which affect the liver, lungs and nervous system and person suffers from symptoms like fever, coughing, and enlarged liver.
  • Pallor: Paleness of the skin as seen in some disease conditions.
  • Malnutrition: A condition in which the body does not get the right amount of nutrients, vitamins or minerals that are essential for maintaining healthy tissues and organ function.
  • Geophagy: A habit of eating earth or soil-like substances like chalk, mud, etc.
  • Epilepsy: A brain disorder that causes people to have recurring convulsions.
  • Haemorrhage: Loss of a large amount of blood from the blood vessels
  • GI endoscopy: Gastrointestinal endoscopy is a diagnostic procedure that allows the doctor to look inside the lining of the food tract.
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