• Pica Categorization

Categorization

The mental health professional's handbook, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition, text revision (2000), which is abbreviated as DSM-IV-TR, classifies pica under the heading of "Feeding and Eating Disorders of Infancy or Early Childhood."

Category Mental and Behavioural disorders
System Nervous System
Organ Brain, Stomach, Gastro-intestinal tract
Alternate Names /Common Names Geophagy, geophagia
Names in different languages Picacismo- Italian
Cicero- Spanish
ICD 10 Classification F50.8 - pica of adults
F98.3 - pica of infancy and childhood
World statistics
  • Prevalence of Pica is in the range of 8% to 65% depending on the criteria applied
  • A study found the prevalence of pica in 8.8% of pregnant women in Saudi Arabia
  • Two studies in two different African populations found prevalence of 63.7% and 74%
Indian statistics Not available due to under-reporting but estimated to be quite high
Most Prevalent In India, Africa, Australia, America
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