Urinary Tract Infections:
- Urinary Tract infection is an infection that affects the urinary tract.
- The symptoms of UTI are fever with or without chills, burning pain while urination, frequent urge to urinate and occasionally some abdominal pain too.
- Symptoms mimic an acute attack of Kidney Stones. UTI can be diagnosed with a urine report testing for blood and pus. USG may be done to rule out kidney stones.
- Appendicitis is the inflammation of appendix.
- Typical symptoms are fever, vomiting and right sided abdominal pain which may radiate to the groin and the umbilical region.
- Loss of appetite and abdominal bloating may also be present. Appendicitis mimics the picture of kidney stones. Diagnosis can be made with the help of blood reports and USG.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD):
- IBD is a chronic inflammation of the whole or a part of the digestive tract. IBD includes Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis.
- Along with abdominal cramps and pain, there are lot of symptoms associated to the digestive tract like irregular bowel habits, diarrhea, frequent urge to pass stools, rectal pain and bleeding etc. Patients may also experience reduced appetite and weight loss.
- Diagnosis can be made using blood tests to check for infections and anemia, stool examinations to check for bacteria, viruses etc. colonoscopy and barium enema.
- Gall stones are hard deposits or solid material formed in the gall bladder. They are usually made of cholesterol and bile pigments.
- They cause right sided abdominal pain which may radiate to the back and hence mimic the pains of renal colic.
- Other symptoms of gall stones are nausea, vomiting, indigestion, heartburn and abdominal bloating. Diagnosis is done through USG.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID):
- PID is an inflammatory disease of the female reproductive organs and which may cause irreversible damage to the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, etc. It occurs when infection enters the vagina and spreads to the other parts.
- The symptoms of PID are dull abdominal pain especially in lower abdomen, abnormal foul smelling vaginal discharge, and fever with chills, burning urination, nausea and vomiting and painful intercourse.
- Tests should be done to rule out Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) like HIV and syphilis. Other tests for PID are USG, endometrial biopsy and laparoscopy.