• High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Terms
  • Systolic Blood Pressure: When your heart beats, it contracts and pushes blood through the arteries to the rest of your body. This force creates pressure on the arteries. This is called systolic blood pressure.
  • Diastolic blood pressure: The diastolic blood pressure number or the bottom number in the reading indicates the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between beats.
  • Atherosclerosis: This is a disease in which plaque builds up inside your arteries causing their hardening and subsequent compromise in effective blood circulation.
  • Cushing's syndrome: Hormonal disorder caused by high levels of cortisol in blood resulting in symptoms like abnormal weight gain, truncal obesity, easy bruising, moon face, stretch marks, etc.
  • Angiotensin: It is a peptide hormone that causes vasoconstriction (narrowing of blood vessels) and a subsequent increase in blood pressure.