• Sciatica Similar Conditions

Similar Conditions

Piriformis Syndrome:

  • Piriformis syndrome refers to Sciatica symptoms originating from overlying piriformis muscle and not due to spinal disc compression.
  • It is a peripheral neuritis of the sciatic nerve caused by an abnormal condition of the piriformis muscle.
  • It is estimated that at least 6% of patients who are diagnosed as having low back pain actually have piriformis syndrome.

Ankylosing Spondylitis:

  • It is an inflammatory condition of the hip joints and pelvis.
  • The patient complains of a rigid back and pain, so much so that, as the years pass, a condition called 'bamboo spine' develops where the back becomes completely rigid.
  • Ankylosing spondylitis usually begins after the age of 20 years.

Lumbar Spinal Stenosis:

  • This is caused by narrowing of the spinal canal or neural foramina producing loss of
  • blood supply to roots of nerves.
  • There is unilateral or bilateral leg pain with burning or cramping.
  • The disease generally involves the buttocks and thighs and spreads to the feet.
Sciatica Similar Conditions

Reactive arthritis (ReA) also known as Reiter syndrome

  • It is an autoimmune disease which develops after an infection.
  • It has been associated with gastrointestinal (GI) infections and with genitourinary (GU) infections.
  • The classic triad of ReA symptoms is though present only in 1/3rd of the patients.

Cauda Equina Compression:

  • It is the narrowing of spinal canal leading to compression of nerve roots below the level of spinal cord.
  • Symptoms include low back pain, one-sided or both-sided sciatica, weakness, sensory deficits ,loss of sensation in buttocks and perineum, bowel and bladder disturbances, reduced or absent reflexes in the legs.