The diagnosis of Meniere's Disease is mostly made by a medical history and a thorough physical examination. However, a series of other tests may also be advocated to rule out other diseases.
Physical Examination and Medical History
- The severity, duration and frequency of the hearing problem.
- Any history of recent infections or allergies
- History of any medications.
- Previous ear-related troubles.
- General examination.
- Any family history of ear problems.
- A hearing test called audiometry checks the quality of hearing to detect sounds at different pitches and volumes.
- Video-nystagmography (VNG): This test evaluates balance function by assessing eye movement.
- Rotary-chair testing: Like a VNG, this measures inner ear function based on eye movement.
- Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) testing: It measures the function of balance sensors present in the region of the inner ear. It can detect acceleration movement.
- Posturography. This is a computerized test that finds out part of the body's balance system, namely- vision; inner ear function; or sensations from the skin, muscles, tendons and joints - on which the individual depends the most and which parts may cause problems.
Tests to rule out other conditions
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Computerized tomography (CT)
- Auditory brainstem response audiometry